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TMT bar vs TOR Steel | Adukia Industries
January 2024

TMT bar vs TOR steel: A comprehensive overview for modern construction

Steel has always played an integral part in several types of construction for decades. Its uniqueness is essential to reinforce the concrete that protects the structure or building from easy wear and tear that takes place due to rust or any natural calamity. For a long time, TOR steel was used broadly, later on with advanced technologies and innovations TMT bar started getting proper appreciation in the market for its high ductility and other superior qualities.

This blog by Adukia Industries will help you understand the benefits of using TMT bars instead of TOR steel. Let us delve into the factors that demand more usage of TMT bars in construction projects around the world.

TOR steel and TMT bar

TOR is the brand name for ‘Toristeg Steel Corporation’ of Luxembourg. The word came from a French man who brought 1000 lbs. of steel for construction. Later on the synonymous of TOR steel became CTD (cold twisted deformed) steel bars. The steel bars were produced from mild steel billets with restricted carbon content, therefore these bars had more tensile strength than anything else. It was believed that its high elasticity value was from surface distortion created by the twisting method of the steel right after elongation. Later on, these processes made the steel bars corrosion-prone.

However, the scenario has changed because of advanced technology and innovations in the construction sector, which brought a new mixture of metals that formed TMT bars. These bars have replaced TOR steel and now is in high demand.

TMT stands for Thermo-Mechanically Treated Bar. These bars have high-strength reinforcement with a sturdy outer core and a soft inner core. Since its presence in the market, the bars have proved themselves strong enough to maintain the integrity of the structures over time helping them resist compressive forces. These bars are for building structures that can withstand earthquakes and seismic activities along with higher yield strength, flexibility and ductility than the mild steel TOR.

TMT bars VS TOR steels

Now that we have introduced both bars to you, let us get into the differences real quick.

Tensile strength

Adukia Indusries’ Ultramax TMT bars possess a higher value of yield strength when compared to TOR steels. TMT bar has a lower steel quantity than TOR steels for an applied load of the structural element. For instance, when we talk about steel consumption in a project using TMT bars it has 200 tons, whereas using TOR steels would be 240 tons, hence there would be a huge savings in steel of 40 tons by relying on TMT bars.


Ductility talks about the ability of any material element to distort, without collapsing after hitting the failure load. These bars have superior ductility when compared to TOR steel, allowing them to protect construction buildings from rupture and collapse. TMT bars also have extraordinary strength that allows them to build a structure, acquiring extra strength.


Elongation is a process where it shows the ability of our well-made TMT bar to elongate before failure. The elongation process can make the Ultramax Fe 550D TMT bars stretch up to 20%. The bars play a major role in a steel bar’s ductility, the higher the elongation the higher the ductility. When compared to TOR steel, the TMT bar with its hard outer core and soft inner core elongates in such a way that makes the structure flexible and strong, well protected from dangers of natural calamities like earthquakes.


To boost the durability of the construction structure, resistance against corrosion of steel is the key parameter. This resistance has based on the steel bar’s chemical composition. This residual strain in TOR steel gives a push to the corrosion process to make it faster, but in TMT bars, there is no twisting and stretching process. Thus, TMT bars stay highly resistant to corrosion.

Seismic resistant

Earthquakes impose repetitive loads for several cycles in a construction building. The process with repetitive loading is ‘fatigue’. Our Ultramax Fe 550D TMT bars are stronger and harder than TOR steel and can withstand seismic activities.

Heat resistant

Our Ultramax Fe 550D TMT bars have exceptional strength retention during testing with temperatures up to 500°C, whereas TOR steels will not be able to tolerate that much heat and will melt.

Corrosion resistance

Our Ultramax Fe 55D TMT bars make use of the advanced German Technology, that features a fine layer of an array of scales that behaves as a protective shield. It makes sure that the TMT bars are safe from corrosion.


In case of bonding with cement, our leading TMT bars win! This is possible due to the superior bonding strength of the ribs on the surface of the bars that move across the entire length. Mixed with strength these bars have strong bonding capabilities that allow them to create a structure with concrete. TOR steel on the other hand is not friendly with concrete.


When TOR steels compared with TMT bars, it shows that the TMT bars are extremely flexible and can endure high temperatures along with humidity levels. For instance, the bars do not break after bending to 180 degrees.


Top TMT bars manufacturer, Adukia Industries is a prominent producer as well as supplier of the strongest and long-life TMT bars that conform to BIS standards. We have adapted to this huge change in steel bars for the betterment of the running generation and the generation to come. Our advanced innovative way also helps us contribute to a greener planet. We believe in safety and security and trying our best to aware people of the benefits of TMT bars, so they can choose the best of the best.


01 May


18 December

Very impressive and informative post. keep up the good work and help Eastern India

23 August

எமக்கு விற்பணை செய்ய விருப்பம்

Jatin Gupta
08 August

Thanks for the nice sharing.


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